Quiz on radiometric dating

04-Dec-2017 13:48

For students in the 2004 Graduation Program, all Grade 12 exams are optional except for the Language Arts 12 and BC First Nations Studies 12 exams.

Optional exams will be offered in sixteen Grade 12 courses (the same as the existing set of exams).

When an organism dies and is buried, the carbon-14 will decay at a constant rate.

Thus scientists can estimate how long it has been since the organism died based on the proportion of carbon-14 that remains.

...igneous activity (both extrusive and intrusive) occurred in the Caledonian mountain belt, which stretched from New England, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, Scotland, and Scandinavia to eastern Greenland.

Radiometric dating of granitic intrusions associated with the Caledonian orogeny yields ages between about 430 million and 380 million years.

The igneous activity that produced such intrusions...

Relative methods include stratigraphic correlation, which matches strata from different sites that are temporally comparable.

Molten rock and volcanic ash emerge at such high temperatures that all the argon gas in driven out.

Thus any argon-40 found in volcanic rocks is the result of radioactive decay.

In 1905, shortly after the discovery of radioactivity, the American chemist Bertram Boltwood suggested that lead is one of the disintegration products of uranium, in which case the older a uranium-bearing mineral the greater should be its proportional part of lead.

Analyzing specimens whose relative geologic ages were known, Boltwood found that the ratio of lead to uranium did indeed increase...Scientific knowledge of Earth’s geologic history has advanced significantly since the development of radiometric dating, a method of age determination based on the principle that radioactive atoms in geologic materials decay at constant, known rates to daughter atoms.

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